When it comes to diabetes, there are basically three things that can happen in relation to your blood sugar. You can have blood sugar levels that are either normal, too high or too low. These are the two extremes. Hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia are the two words that describe the two extremes of blood sugar levels. Neither condition is good, but one can be much more dangerous than the other when it is revealed. Here is some more information about each condition.
First let’s talk about Hyperglycemia.
Hyperglycemia is the condition that is caused by having blood sugar levels that are too high. Insulin, although it may be present, is either not working properly or there is not enough to control the high sugar level. For some diabetics, insulin will need to be given either by pill or by injection in order to remedy this problem. If a person is overweight, then this condition can set up a situation where cells become insulin resistant. This is especially true where there are high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels present, too.
This condition can exist for a long time without the person ever knowing it. There may or may not be symptoms
present. If these levels do not get very high there may be almost no symptoms. On the other hand, if your blood sugar
gets very high, you will start to show some symptoms such as frequent urination, blurred vision, fatigue, hunger, and
Now let’s talk about Hypoglycemia.
This is the opposite of hyperglycemia. It means that a person’s blood sugar levels are too low. This is what happens when too much energy has been exerted without food, or if he or she has gone for some time without eating properly.
In order to prevent hypoglycemia, a diabetic needs to eat smaller meals several times a day. Because they are smaller, this prevents the blood sugar levels from going too high. The frequency of the meals, which is usually about 5 or six times in a day – three regular meals and three snacks allows the blood sugar levels to be more consistent without giving time to drop too low or get too high from eating too large a meal.
Between the two conditions, a diabetic is at a much greater risk with hypoglycemia. When the blood sugar levels drop
too far, the person may experience seizures, and could definitely become unconscious if they do not immediately get some sugar. Usually, he or she will carry some kind of candy to prevent this.A person that is a diabetic who is taking insulin will need to watch for hypoglycemia very carefully. It is very important, in order to prevent this condition that he or she eats regularly. They cannot afford to skip meals or this condition may be the result. Exercise is also another situation where care needs to be given. He or she should eat some kind of snack prior to exercising to ensure that too much sugar is not used and hypoglycemia is the result. He or she still needs to carry candy or something with sugar in it, with them while they exercise.